Laws that Govern Schools

This article will discuss some common laws that govern schools, including compulsory attendance requirements, zero-tolerance policies, freedom of speech rights, and mental health considerations.

To operate legally schools must follow, numerous federal and state laws when it comes to running a school.

Students and parents need to be aware of these laws to understand how schools operate and help ensure that all activities comply with legal standards.

Laws that Govern Schools
Laws that Govern Schools

Compulsory Attendance

According to the Education Amendments of 1972, all states must require children between the ages of 6 and 17 to attend school.

Each state has its laws regarding compulsory attendance, which typically include provisions for excused absences due to illness or family emergencies.

Zero-Tolerance Policies

Many schools have adopted zero-tolerance policies to promote a safe and secure learning environment.

These policies outline specific consequences for certain types of behavior, such as drug use, fighting, or vandalism.

Freedom of Speech Rights

The First Amendment protects the right to free speech in public schools.

This includes both verbal and written expression, though there are some limits based on topics that are deemed inappropriate or disruptive.

Mental Health Considerations

Schools must  provide accommodation for students with mental health issues, such as anxiety or depression.

These accommodations may include additional time on tests, access to counselling services, and other modifications that help the student succeed in school.

Online Money

Some states have laws that regulate online money transactions, such as those related to tuition payments or fundraising.

These laws are intended to protect students and parents from fraud or other financial exploitation.


A Sex Education Policy

Many states also require schools to have a policy in place that outlines their approach to sex education. This policy typically includes information about the risks associated with various sexual behaviours, as well as resources for students who may need additional support or guidance.

Performance Management Policies

Performance management policies outline how schools evaluate and measure student performance. These policies typically include criteria for grading, testing, and other measures of academic success. They also may specify the types of interventions available to support students who are struggling in school.

The Healthy and Safety Policy

The healthy and safe policy outlines the procedures that schools must follow to ensure a safe learning environment for all students.

This includes guidelines for responding to emergencies, identifying potential hazards, and providing first aid training.

It also may include details about the use of the equipment and protective gear in certain activities.

Equal Opportunities Policy

The equal opportunities policy outlines the school’s commitment to providing a fair and equitable learning environment for all students.

This includes protecting students from discrimination based on race, gender, religion, or other factors.

The policy should also outline procedures for addressing any instances of harassment or bullying.

The Curriculum Policy

The curriculum policy outlines the school’s approach to teaching and learning.

This includes the subjects that are taught, the materials used in instruction, and any expectations for student achievement.

The policy should also include information about how students will be assessed and what types of interventions are available for those who need additional support.

The Child Protection Policy

The child protection policy outlines the procedures that schools must follow to protect students from abuse or neglect.

This includes identifying potential risks, training staff to recognize signs of abuse, and reporting any incidents of abuse or neglect.

The policy should also specify the types of services available to support students who have been affected by abuse or neglect.

The Teacher’s Pay and Condition Policy

The teacher’s pay and condition policy outlines the salaries, benefits, and working conditions for school staff.

This includes information about salary scales, overtime pay, vacation time, and any other regulations related to teacher employment.

The policy should also include a procedure for resolving any disputes that may arise between teachers and the school administration.


In conclusion, running a school requires careful adherence to various federal and state laws to ensure the safety and well-being of students and staff.

Schools must comply with compulsory attendance requirements, zero-tolerance policies, freedom of speech rights, mental health considerations, and online money transactions to operate legally.

Therefore, the article above articulates laws that govern schools.